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Astronomy

31 Aug 2015
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Spectacular events in September include a close pairing of a waning crescent moon and Venus at dawn on Sept. 10—and a total lunar eclipse in the early evening on Sept. 27. Venus now rises before the sun, and has become a spectacular morning “star” in the east before dawn. Venus reaches its greatest brilliance this year in the third week of September. Now through mid-October, the crescent phase of Venuscan be seen with just a pair of binoculars—just find Venus on any morning before sunup, and then eliminate the planet’s glare against a darkened sky by simply keeping track of it until sunrise or longer. The mornings of Sept. 10 and Oct. 8, with Venus near a crescent moon, are excellent opportunities to easily locate and observe Venus in the daytime. Ranking next in brightness after Venus these morningsare the blue-white Dog Star Sirius in the southeast, and yellow Capella…
31 Jul 2015
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Jupiter sets almost an hour after the sun on Aug. 1, and three minutes earlier each evening thereafter. Using binoculars a half-hour after sunset, look very low, about midway between west and west-northwest, to the left of the sunset point. If you can still find Jupiter on Aug. 5, try for Mercury, 1.9 degrees to its lower right. On Aug. 6, Mercury is 0.6 degrees to the upper right of Jupiter, and on Aug. 7, it is 1.4 degrees to Jupiter’s upper left. The solar system’s largest planet will be hidden for several weeks while it passes conjunction on the far side of the sun on Aug. 26. Meanwhile, Mercury makes a very low evening appearance, 4 degrees above the western horizon in mid-twilight (about 40 minutes after sunset) from Aug. 18 to Sept. 4, staying at magnitude 0 while shifting from 3 degrees north of west to 10 degrees…
30 Jun 2015
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Galileo, more than four centuries ago, observed and described phenomena you can witness in the evening sky this summer, including the phases of Venus, the moons of Jupiter, the Milky Way, details on the surface of the moon, and more. The Discoveries and Opinions of Galileo, a selection of the scientist’s writings translated by Stillman Drake, is fascinating reading. Venus and Jupiter are still easy to spot during evenings for most of July 2015, because they far outshine all nighttime stars. Venussinks lower in the evening sky in July while getting ever more interesting for telescopic observation: As Venus draws closer to Earth, it displays an ever thinner, more backlit crescent. Jupiter lingers close to Venus during the final weeks of their joint appearance in evening sky. First, Jupiter appears to right of Venus, by 0.6 degrees on July 1, and 1 degree on July 2. On July 4, they’re…